A Nassau Criminal Lawyer said that, respondent has been charged with assault in the third degree. This criminal prosecution is pending in the District Court, Nassau County. The complaining witness has commenced a civil action against the County of Nassau alleging, inter alia, that respondent’s alleged assault on her was accomplished with the “knowledge and acquiescence of the County of Nassau”. This civil action is pending in the Supreme Court, Nassau County. domestic violence was not involved.
In the course of defending the County of Nassau in connection with the civil action, a representative of the County Attorney asked the Nassau County Police Department to conduct an “internal investigation”. It is clear that the materials gathered during the course of the internal investigation were segregated from the materials generated by County police officers in the course of their investigation into the criminal complaint. It is also clear that “the results of the civil investigation were forwarded to the County Attorney’s Office for its use in defending the County of Nassau”. Grand Larceny was not an issue.
A Nassau Assault Lawyer said that, during the course of the criminal prosecution of respondent, the District Court issued two subpoenas duces tecum, the first at the request of the District Attorney, the second at the request of the attorney for the respondent. Both of these subpoenas were aimed at the internal investigation file maintained by the County of Nassau in connection with its defense of the civil action. The Countys application to quash the first subpoena was granted by the District Court in an order dated February 11, 1991. No appeal was taken from that order.
The County’s application to quash the second subpoena was initially disposed of in an order of the District Court dated January 6, 1992, which, inter alia, directed the County to provide defense counsel with whatever material would qualify as “Brady material” or “Rosario material”. In support of a subsequent motion to renew and reargue, the County’s special counsel argued, inter alia, that this order unfairly required that the County itself decide what constituted “Brady material” and “Rosario material”. In an order dated March 9, 1992, the District Court granted re-argument, withdrew the order dated January 6, 1992, and substituted another one, dated March 9, 1992, which, instead of requiring production of Brady material and Rosario material by the County, called for an in camera inspection of the County’s civil file by the trial court, with a view toward the eventual production of whatever documents the trial court found constituted Brady material or Rosario material. In an order dated March 23, 1992, the in camera inspection was scheduled for March 30, 1992, “at which time the court will make available to the Defense whatever it finds that the defense would be entitled to under applicable case law.” A weapon was found.
A Nassau Assault Lawyer said that, the County appealed to the Appellate Term for the Ninth and Tenth Judicial Districts, from both the order dated March 9, 1992, and the order dated March 23, 1992. In an order dated April 28, 1993, the Appellate Term affirmed.
The question to be resolved here is whether, in a criminal prosecution, the District Attorney is required to turn over documents in the possession of another public agency, and not within the District Attorney’s actual or constructive control.
Both the Rosario doctrine, which requires the production of all recorded statements made by the witnesses who are expected to testify for the prosecution in criminal cases, and the Brady doctrine, which requires the production of any evidence which tends to exculpate the defendant in a criminal case, are limited in their application to evidence in the control of the prosecutor, that is, the “district attorney or other public servant who represents the people in a criminal action”. While it is entirely reasonable to infer that the materials to which the local prosecutor has “immediate access” would normally include those prepared by law enforcement agencies in connection with criminal investigations it is not reasonable to argue, as does the defendant in this case, that the prosecutor has immediate access to documents which another public agency, acting in the exercise of its constitutional, statutory, or regulatory responsibilities, zealously seeks to shield from disclosure. The mere fact that the defendant, and before him the District Attorney, had to resort to a judicial subpoena duces tecum in order to gain access to the County’s internal investigation file, demonstrates that this file is not within the control of the prosecutor. In accordance with the foregoing, we disapprove of the holding of the previous case decision dismissed, to the extent that it reaches a contrary conclusion.
We further note the defendant’s attorney has offered nothing “better than conjecture” that the County’s civil file contains evidence which would be useful to him defending his client in the criminal prosecution. Thus, the subpoena constitutes a fishing expedition and the County’s application to quash should have been granted for this additional reason.
In light of the foregoing, we need not address the County’s remaining contentions.
Accordingly, the court held that the the order of the Appellate Term, dated April 28, 1993, is reversed, on the law, with costs, so much of an order of the District Court, Nassau County dated March 9, 1992, as denied the application, and directed an in camera inspection of the subpoenaed file, is vacated, the order dated March 23, 1992, is vacated, and the application to quash is granted in its entirety.
If you are facing criminal charges, seek the help of a Nassau Criminal Attorney and Nassau Assault Attorney at Stephen Bilkis and Associates. Call us for free legal advice.