This is a motion for re-argument of our recent order denying a second application for reinstatement to practice law. A Nassau Criminal Lawyer said that, petitioner, 55 years old, was admitted to practice in this department in 1955. In 1968 he was disbarred after a complaint that he had converted a considerable sum of money constituting the legacy of the estate of his wife’s aunt, which he had represented. Petitioner had voluntarily offered his resignation in the face of this criminal charge. In 1969, after his disbarment, he was indicted for grand larceny first degree in connection with this conversion of funds, and in 1971 he was convicted of the Class A misdemeanor of petit larceny on the basis of a negotiated plea. He was sentenced to three years probation with a condition of continued restitution. He was discharged from probation in November 1974.
Since his disbarment he has worked as an editor for West Publishing Co., operated a hobby supply shop, worked as a salesman, and since 1977 has been employed in the Nassau County Labor Department, since May 1979 as assistant to the Director of Labor Relations. His prior difficulties precluded him from obtaining employment as an insurance agent or as a commodity futures dealer. Petitioner has been active in local civic, service, charitable, religious and political organizations. In 1977 he was licensed as a real estate sales person and commissioned as a notary public.
A Nassau Grand Larceny Lawyer said that, petitioner initially applied for reinstatement in 1980. His application was supported in part by affirmations and affidavits of four attorneys, including a retired justice of the Appellate Division, Second Department, attesting to his upstanding life over the preceding several years, his good standing in the community, his stable family life, abstention from alcohol since at least 1973 and his diligence, integrity, loyalty and commitment to responsibility in the employ of the Nassau County government. His application at that time was opposed by the Departmental Disciplinary Committee in part on the ground that petitioner had failed to make sufficient restitution. We denied the application at that time without granting an evidentiary hearing to explore the question (79 A.D.2d 550).
Late last year a second application was made for reinstatement. The Committee this time took no position on the application. One reason was assertedly because of an insufficient showing that petitioner currently possessed the requisite character and fitness to resume practice of law. The Committee was also concerned that petitioner had as yet failed to complete restitution. It expressed a desire to have further data on the issue of petitioner’s claim to alcoholism during the period in which the client’s funds were converted. The Committee recommended further investigation and hearings to explore these issues.
On February 2, 1984, declining the invitation for further investigation and hearings, we denied this second application for reinstatement, again without opinion. Petitioner now moves for re-argument or renewal, or at least for an explanation for our denial of a hearing, to which the Committee had previously been amenable. In the alternative, petitioner asks for leave to appeal to the Court of Appeals. This time, the Departmental disciplinary Committee flatly opposes the motion on purely procedural grounds.
The issue in this criminal case is whether he is entitled to a hearing to demonstrate his entitlement to reinstatement.
On the question of character and fitness, petitioner has presented an impressive array of affidavits attesting to his rehabilitation and present good character, including affidavits from the former and present Nassau County labor commissioners and a United States Senator. Petitioner asks for a hearing to demonstrate his character and fitness to resume practice of law.
The question of restitution is crucial on any application for reinstatement where there has been a conversion of funds. Petitioner asserted that he has made restitution of approximately $32,000, but was having difficulty, after all these years, locating and negotiating with a responsible representative in Ireland who would accept a final settlement on behalf of the estate.
A review of the 1980 reinstatement application file reveals that the original conversion was between $40,000 and $50,000. Petitioner’s initial repayment of $5,000 was apparently a major factor in his plea negotiations on the criminal charge. By 1974 he had made total restitution of about $12,000. No further payments were made up to the time of the reinstatement application in 1980. He still owed in excess of $30,000. This court was unimpressed with petitioner’s assertion then that he had received “forgiveness”, not evidenced by any formal release, from his 97-year old former client. In light of petitioner’s failure to make any restitution during the six years preceding the 1980 application for reinstatement, we declined to afford petitioner an evidentiary hearing. Credit card fraud was not involved.
In the three and one-half years after his initial application, petitioner apparently paid another $20,000 in restitution. He has now deposited $10,300 in escrow with his attorney to be utilized to liquidate the obligation. Efforts to work this out by the petitioner and the attorney have proved unavailing. Communications with representatives of the estate in Ireland have met without clear resolution.
If the law and rules permit a reinstatement application, which we are required to entertain, then in most cases the applicant should be entitled to a hearing. This is certainly such a case, where the Disciplinary Committee itself originally saw the need for further investigation and hearings to determine the crucial questions of the extent of restitution and the possible influence of alcohol on the actions initially leading to disbarment. Nothing of substance changed, between the 1983 application and the instant re-argument motion, to warrant a change of the Committee’s position with respect thereto.
There is plainly a question of fact as to the extent of restitution and the efforts to conclude a disposition with respect thereto. The dissent clearly demonstrates there is such an issue. An evidentiary hearing is required to resolve the issue. Granting a criminal hearing does not imply that reinstatement will follow, as the dissent suggests. Our obligation to conform to procedural safeguards in disciplinary proceedings is now beyond doubt.
We must, to the extent possible, apply the rules and guidelines consistently. In one case, we held the application for reinstatement in abeyance and directed a hearing to determine whether the applicant now possessed the requisite character and fitness to practice law. The Disciplinary Committee favored further investigation and a hearing on the application of Levine, who had also consented to disbarment. The differences between the two cases would seem to militate more strongly in favor of a further hearing in this case. Whereas petitioner herein was convicted of a Class A misdemeanor of petit larceny as a result of his conversion of funds, Levine was disbarred after conviction for the federal felony of bribing a public official. Obviously one who bribes a public official cannot make restitution. But, as we have held, he is entitled to a hearing on his application for reinstatement. One who has been disbarred as a consequence of the conversion of a client’s funds, and who claims to have made or attempted to make restitution, is equally entitled to a hearing. It is noted that whereas petitioner was disbarred sixteen years ago, Levine made his application for reinstatement little more than seven and one-half years after his disbarment.
Ours it not an arbitrary function. We cannot foreclose the possibility of reinstatement where disbarment has resulted from conversion of clients’ funds. Our rules applicable to attorneys whose disbarment is premised upon their resignation from the Bar, like Judiciary Law § 90 subd. 5 b, applicable to attorneys disbarred upon conviction for a felony, require that we entertain applications for reinstatement after seven years. As long as the rules permit reinstatement in such cases, then due process must afford a hearing in an appropriate case involving genuinely disputed factual issues. This is such a criminal case.
Accordingly, re-argument is granted, the application for reinstatement is held in abeyance, and the matter referred to the Departmental Disciplinary Committee for further investigation and recommendations on petitioner’s efforts at restitution, on the possible influence of alcohol on the events leading to petitioner’s disbarment in 1968, and as to his requisite character and fitness to practice law.
If you have been charged of a crime, seek the immediate advice of a Nassau Grand Larceny Attorney and Nassau Criminal Attorney at Stephen Bilkis and Associates.