A Kings Grand Larceny Lawyer said that, this is a motion to vacate a judgment dated February 4, 1959 convicting the defendant on his own plea of guilty to Attempted Grand Larceny in the Second Degree, upon an indictment charging Grand Larceny in the First Degree, and sentencing him as a third felony offender to two to three years.
A Kings Criminal Lawyer said that, as set forth by the Assistant District Attorney in his affidavit in opposition the motion may be summarized as follows: On November 20, 1958, the defendant offered to plead guilty to Attempted Grand Larceny in the Second Degree. It was upon an agreement that if it should ultimately appear that the plea would make him a fourth felony offender, the plea would be permitted to be withdrawn and he be permitted to plead to a misdemeanor. When he appeared for sentence on February 4, 1959, the District Attorney filed against him an information showing two former convictions: one in New Jersey in 1951 for armed robbery and one in this Court in 1955 for attempted grand larceny in the second degree.
A Kings Robbery Lawyer said that, the defendant, although admitting his identity and the fact of these convictions, claimed through his attorney that he had also been convicted in Federal Court with the result that he should be deemed and adjudicated a fourth felony offender. Nevertheless, he was adjudicated as a third offender and sentenced as aforementioned.
In support of the motion, he now submits documents which show that in the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey, he pleaded guilty to an indictment filed against him in the Southern District of Florida charging him with a violation of Title 18 U.S.C.A. § 2312 for interstate transportation of a stolen motor vehicle and Section 641 for theft of government property. He did so plead guilty on August 9, 1954. On August 19, 1954, sentence was suspended upon him and he was placed on probation for five years. However, on June 5, 1957, he was adjudicated a probation violator, the order suspending sentence was vacated and he was sentenced to a year and a day in an institution to be selected by the Attorney General of the State of New York. A Kings Grand Larceny Lawyer said that, defendant alleges that as a result of these proceedings, he had actually been convicted in the Federal Court prior to plea and sentence in this Court, of a crime which if committed in New York would be felonious, and that for this reason since he should have been adjudicated a fourth felony offender, the agreement made when he pleaded guilty in this Court should be kept.
The issue in this case is whether defendant should be adjudicated as fourth felony offender the agreement made when he pleaded guilty in this Court.
There are two answers to this contention. The first is that the agreement was made for his protection and in order to avoid imposing upon him the mandatory 15 years to life imprisonment following an adjudication as a fourth felony offender. Defendant should not be heard to object if the District Attorney chooses to waive his status as a fourth offender assuming that he is one because such waiver is an Act of Congress.
The second is that although defendant was convicted of a Federal crime under the Laws of this State, that conviction cannot be counted in the sequence of convictions for the purposes of subsequent multiple punishment. It has been held that the crime of interstate transportation of a stolen vehicle has no analogy in New York and that a conviction therefor is not for crimes which if committed in New York would be a felony. In so far as the conviction in the Federal Court for theft of government property is concerned, its applicability must be tested by the provisions of U.S.C.A. Title 18, § 641, which provides that: ‘Whoever steals anything of value of the United States shall be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned not more than ten years, or both; but if the value of such property does not exceed the sum of $100, he shall be fined not more than $1,000 or imprisoned not more than one year, or both.’
The charge against the defendant in the Federal Court in this aspect of the indictment did allege the value of the stolen property as being in excess of $100. However, it is at least questionable that the statute applies inasmuch as the requirement of valuation is found not in the descriptive or creating section of the statute, but in the penalty portion thereof. But even assuming that the statute may be held to have created the crime which if committed in New York would be our felony of Grand Larceny, there is still a reason why the conviction cannot be counted here. Although the defendant was ostensibly convicted of two crimes, only one sentence was imposed upon him after his adjudication of a parole violator. It cannot be determined from the records whether that sentence applied to the conviction for the transportation crime or to the conviction for the larceny crime. That is to say, he may have been sentenced for the transportation crime which is not a crime in New York, or he may have been sentenced on the larceny conviction which may be a crime in New York.
Accordingly, the court held that the motion of defendant is denied.
If you are involved in a similar case, seek the legal opinion of a Kings Robbery Attorney and Kings Criminal Attorney at Stephen Bilkis and Associates in order to know how you can defend your case.