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The complainant left the home of her cousin on 1 January 1979


This is a proceeding wherein the defendant appeals from a judgment of the Supreme Court, Queens County, rendered 25 July 1980, convicting him of rape in the first degree, unlawful imprisonment in the second degree, and criminal possession of a weapon in the fourth degree, upon a jury verdict, and imposing sentence and a judgment of the same court, rendered 12 December 1980, convicting him of endangering the welfare of a child, upon his plea of guilty, and imposing sentence for sex crimes.

The court affirms the judgment.

The complainant left the home of her cousin on 1 January 1979 at approximately 9:15 P.M. While the complainant was walking on Rockaway Boulevard near 142 Street in Queens, she was approached by a man who asked her for directions. She stopped walking and looked at his face as she spoke to him. As she turned away and continued walking, the man put a gun to her neck and forced her to walk a few blocks and enter an abandoned house. Once inside, he led her down into the basement and then, still at gunpoint, into a second-floor bedroom. He ordered her to remove her clothes, put them back on and then remove them again. Eventually, he raped her. He refused to let her leave for about 10 more minutes while he simply stared at her. Finally, he ordered her to leave. The entire incident lasted about two hours.

Thereafter, the complainant ran back to the home of her cousin who called police. She described her attacker to the responding police officer. She unmistakably identified the defendant in a lineup on 19 January 1979.

The defendant, his brother LS and CG testified that on the evening of 1 January 1979 from approximately 7 P.M. to 2:30 A.M., they were all together at CG’s apartment in Brooklyn. The defendant lived in his brother’s house which was six to seven blocks from the scene of the rape.

The trial court charged alibi but did not give an identification charge. The jury convicted the defendant of rape in the first degree, unlawful imprisonment in the second degree, and criminal possession of a weapon in the fourth degree.

It is the defendant’s allegation that the court’s charge on alibi was defective because it urged stricter scrutiny of the alibi testimony than the identification testimony and shifted the burden of proof.

On the other hand, the People argue that the omission of the identification charge was harmless. The People argue that the alibi charge did not shift the burden of proof and that the charge in its entirety imparted the proper rules to the jury concerning its evaluation of the testimony of the complainant and that of the defense witnesses.

While the court does not regard the case at bar as close, it finds that the defendant did not object to the charge on the grounds upon which he now requests reversal. Accordingly, his claims are not properly preserved for appellate review under CPL 470.05, subd. 2 and based on the ruling in People v Cadorette. Also, the court sees no reason to reach those issues in the interest of justice.

Here, the court finds that the complainant had an extraordinary opportunity to observe the defendant over an approximately two-hour period. She faced him and looked at his face when he asked for directions. During the walk to the abandoned house, which lasted 15 minutes, she looked at his face numerous times. Although the house had no lights, light entered through the windows enabling her to see his face. She also testified that while inside the house there were periods of time during which the defendant just looked at her while she looked back at him. The detailed description she gave police of her attacker matches the defendant’s physical characteristics as well as his West Indian accent and noticeable body odor. Moreover, she viewed photographs but, since defendant’s picture was not among them, she made no identification. Eighteen days after the incident, she identified defendant in a lineup.

The court has reviewed defendants’ remaining arguments and finds them to be without merit.

With regard to defendant’s second appeal, the record reveals that Criminal Term did not promise the defendant a concurrent sentence in exchange for a guilty plea. Thus, his plea conviction was not inextricably intertwined with the other conviction as ruled in People v Lowrence and should also be affirmed.

Queens County Criminal Attorneys like Queens County Rape Attorneys or Queens County Weapons Possession Attorneys at Stephen Bilkis & Associates are experts in the fields of law mentioned in the case above. Questions will be gladly answered by highly trained and experienced lawyers that you may contact at our toll free number or visit at our place of business.

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