The right to a speedy trial is a right that is essential to the Constitution of the United States of America. Each person is granted the right to a speedy trial before a jury of their peers. However, the Constitution does not define the term speedy. Lawyers and legislatures have argued for two hundred years about the definition of what constitutes a speedy trial. When does the time start?
If an offender commits a crime, does the time allowed for a speedy trial begin at that point? Or, does the time start to run at the point when the authorities become aware of the crime? What about situations where the offender is not identified? Does the time start at the point when the offender is identified? A New York Sex Crimes Lawyer said all of these are questions that have plagued the court systems from the Federal Courts to the smallest city court. Defining the term, speedy, has baffled law makers for a very long time. Some cases call this problem into question in a more obvious manner. In cases where the defendant attempts to conceal his identity and abscond, when does the time start for a speedy trial?
In New York, the prosecutors generally are given six months to prepare a felony case and be ready for trial. However, capital cases where the offender is possibly going to receive the death penalty or life in prison, the courts have generally allowed more time based on the severity of the punishment that the person could face. One case of this nature began in 1972 when a man was arrested for being on a fire escape with tools to commit the crime of burglary. A New York Sex Crimes Lawyer said at that time, he provided a false name and date of birth. He provided an address in Kings County where he said that he lived. The next year, he was arrested in June for rape. He provided a different name and date of birth than he had the first time and a different address than he had provided before. He told the officers that he had never been arrested. Computer systems were not in effect at that time and the deception was not caught until much later.